Pelješac is the second largest peninsula in Croatia, situated in southern Dalmatia.
The Bay of Mali Ston separates the peninsula from the mainland.
This Bay, partly belonging to Bosnia and Hercegovina, under the intermittent influence of fresh water from the river Neretva, hosts the largest oyster cultivation facilities in the Adriatic.
Mussels are also part of the mariculture.
The favourable hydrological conditions for seashell cultivation have been recognised since Ancient times.
Remnants of oyster farming dating back to the Roman Empire have been found in the area; the first written documents on oyster gathering there are from the 16th century, and those which relate to seashell culture from the 17th, as recorded in the Republic of Dubrovnik.
Another prominent feature of Pelješac peninsula are its lush vineyards.
Wine is a popular drink in Croatia, and locals traditionally like to drink wine with their meals.
Quite often, the wine is diluted with either still or sparkling water – producing a drink known as gemišt (a combination of white wine and carbonated water), and bevanda (a combination of red wine and still water).
Korčula is an island in the Adriatic Sea, separated from the Pelješac peninsula by a narrow Strait of Pelješac.
According to legend, the island was founded by Trojan hero Antenor in the 12th century BC.
First settled in mesolithic by neolithic people, the island has seen many nations and experienced any different cultures throughout its long history: Illirians, Greeks, Romans, Venetians, Croatians – every one of them left a mark and contributed to the island’s rich history and customs.
The island is famous for its vineyards as well for its culture and architecture.
The City of Korčula is a historic fortified town on the protected East coast on the island, often referred to as “small Dubrovnik” because of the circular fortifications resembling Dubrovnik’s much bigger ones.
The old city is surrounded by walls and the streets are arranged in a herringbone pattern allowing free circulation of air but protecting against strong winds.
All of Korčula’s narrow streets are stepped with the notable exception of the street running alongside the southeastern wall.
The street is called the Street of Thoughts as one did not have to worry about the steps.